DIGITAL::CH3::TTL CMOS gates DIP packaging

DIP gate packaging Digital logic gate circuits are manufactured as integrated circuits: all the constituent transistors and resistors built on a single piece of semiconductor material. The engineer, technician, or hobbyist using small numbers of gates will likely find what he or she needs enclosed in a DIP (Dual Inline

DIGITAL::CH3::TTL CMOS signal levels

Logic signal voltage levels Logic gate circuits are designed to input and output only two types of signals: “high” (1) and “low” (0), as represented by a variable voltage: full power supply voltage for a “high” state and zero voltage for a “low” state. In a perfect world, all logic

Digital::CH3::CMOS gate circuitry

CMOS gate circuitry Up until this point, our analysis of transistor logic circuits has been limited to the TTL design paradigm, whereby bipolar transistors are used, and the general strategy of floating inputs being equivalent to “high” (connected to Vcc) inputs — and correspondingly, the allowance of “open-collector” output stages